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中国省域科技企业孵化器发展绩效的空间差异分析
张良强,刘秋娟
(福州大学 经济与管理学院,福建 福州 350108)
摘要:
中国科技企业孵化器为社会输送了一批高质量的成熟企业,也促进了地区的经济发展。通过熵值法、突变级数法,构建中国省域科技企业孵化器发展绩效的评价模型。运用探索性空间数据和基尼系数分解方法对评价结果进行空间关联和空间差异分析。结果表明:中国东部地区的科技企业孵化器发展绩效相对较好,西部地区相对落后;中国孵化器的区域经济活动存在4种空间关联类型;中国科技企业孵化器发展绩效间的差异主要表现为区域间的差异。
关键词:  科技企业孵化器  发展绩效  探索性空间数据分析  基尼系数  空间差异
DOI:10.13216/j.cnki.upcjess.2017.04.0004
分类号:F276.44
基金项目:
Study on the Space Difference of the Technology Business Incubator 's Development Performance
ZHANG Liangqiang, LIU Qiujuan
(School of Economics & Management, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou, Fujian 350108, China)
Abstract:
Chinese technology business incubators have prepared some high quality mature enterprises and promoted the economic development. This paper constructs the evaluation model of the development performance of the technology business incubators with improved catastrophe progression method. The exploratory spatial data analysis(ESDA) and Gini coefficient decomposition method are used to explore the spatial correlation and spatial difference of the performance of technology business incubators. The results show that the east China has a relatively good development performance than the west. There are 4 types of spatial association activity, i.e., high-high, high-low, low-high and low-low, indicating that there is a certain degree of agglomeration in the regional economic activities of Chinese incubators. The difference between the western region and other three regions is significant.
Key words:  technology business incubator  development performance  exploratory spatial data analysis  Gini coefficient  space difference