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中国民事立案前调解制度规范化研究
王晓月
(山东大学 法学院,山东 济南 250100)
摘要:
民事立案前调解制度已从基层法院试点逐步上升为常设性制度,其合法性已有司法政策和法律保障。立案前调解的对象要求符合人民法院的受案范围、排除不能调解的民事纠纷。为了取得更切实的实践效果,适宜立案前调解解决的纠纷包括家事类纠纷、专业性较强但事实争议不大的纠纷、事实较为明确的群体性纠纷、争议标的额较小的财产类纠纷及适宜立案前调解解决的其他纠纷。立案前调解的主体应根据纠纷类型具体确定,总的来看应以特邀调解组织(个人)为主,以法院立案庭为辅,以其他适宜的调解组织(个人)为补充。立案前调解不成的,应登记立案;在调解组织(个人)主持下达成的调解协议,可依法申请司法确认,在立案庭主持下调解成功的纠纷,应出具民事调解书。
关键词:  立案前调解  纠纷解决  诉调程序衔接
DOI:10.13216/j.cnki.upcjess.2017.04.0010
分类号:D915.14
基金项目:
Research on Normalization about Pre-accreditation Mediation Mechanism of Civil Procedure in China
WANG Xiaoyue
( School of Law,Shandong University,Jinan,Shandong 250100,China)
Abstract:
Pre-accreditation mediation mechanism has become permanent system from experiments of grassroots courts. Its legality is supported by judicial policy and law. The object of pre-accreditation mediation mechanism is in line with the scope of the people 's court, excluding civil disputes that cannot be settled. In order to obtain more practical effect, these issues are more properly solved by pre-accreditation mediation mechanism, like family disputes, professional disputes with un-controversial fact, group disputes with clear facts, property disputes with a smaller amount of subject matter, and so on. The subject of mediation before filing should be determined according to the type of dispute. In general, mediation organization (individual) should be invited, with the court or other appropriate mediation organization (individual) as supplements. If mediation is failed, the issue should be registered. Mediation agreement in mediation organization (individual) can apply for the judicial confirmation. In the case of successful mediation in the court, the conciliation statement shall be issued by the mediation court.
Key words:  pre-accreditation mediation mechanism  dispute resolution  tuning procedures