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全球影响力分析框架下的中澳能矿资源关系研究
刘明德,刘万余
(四川大学 公共管理学院,四川 成都 610065)
摘要:
澳大利亚是中国重要的能源及矿产资源合作伙伴。虽然中澳具备良好的能矿资源合作基础,但要进一步深化合作也面临美国、英国、印度和日本等国家的影响。合作的依赖程度不对等、种类上的不平衡、合作波动性较大是中澳能矿资源合作的主要特征;中澳进一步合作的优势主要体现为市场需求、运输安全与距离优势;进一步合作的障碍主要是中澳能矿资源合作的稳定性不强、澳大利亚偏向于采取迎合美日印的立场、中国在澳大利亚的投资偏好并未集中在能矿资源领域以及澳大利亚民众对中国企业存在偏见等。总体上来看,未来深化合作需要做到:增强政治互信,提高中澳能源及矿产资源合作稳定性;吸引澳大利亚加入“一带一路”;加强中国企业对澳大利亚能矿资源领域的投资。
关键词:  全球影响力分析框架  能矿合作  一带一路  中澳关系
DOI:10.13216/j.cnki.upcjess.2019.05.0002
分类号:D81;TD98
基金项目:
Research on Energy and Mineral Relations Between China and Australia Under the Global Impact Analysis Framework
LIU Mingde, LIU Wanyu
(School of Public Administration, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610065, China)
Abstract:
Australia is an important partner of China in the fields of energy and mineral. Although there is a good basis for the cooperation between China and Australia, there are still effects from the United States, Britain, India and Japan. China-Australian cooperation in energy and mineral is characterized by asymmetry in the degree of dependency, imbalance in types, and great fluctuation. The advantages for further cooperation between China and Australia lie in huge demand, transportation security and distance. The main obstacles to further cooperation are the weak stability of China-Australian cooperation, Australia 's preference to cater to the United States, Japan and India, China 's investment preferences in Australia which are not concentrated in the field of energy and mineral, and Australians bias against Chinese enterprises. On the whole, we need to enhance political mutual trust, attract Australia to join "the Belt and Road" and strengthen the investment of Chinese enterprises in the field of energy and mineral resources to deepen and expand the cooperation.
Key words:  analysis framework of global influence  energy and mineral cooperation  the Belt and Road  Sino-Australia relations