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供给侧结构性改革视角下全要素生产率提升的机理与路径
马秀贞
(中共青岛市委党校 科研部,山东 青岛 266071)
摘要:
提升全要素生产率是供给侧结构性改革的目标,从要素分类的角度看,新要素、创新要素、制度要素等是全要素生产率提升中最重要的要素。供给侧结构性改革视角下全要素生产率提升,须降低对一般生产性要素的依赖,提高新要素、制度、改革和创新等管理要素的贡献率,既要通过存量调整解决历史遗留问题,更要在科技创新、制度变革、管理水平提高等方面做文章,依靠存量调整、增量支撑、要素升级、制度变革和科技创新等路径推进。
关键词:  供给侧结构性改革  全要素生产率  边际收益递减规律  路径
DOI:10.13216/j.cnki.upcjess.2019.05.0004
分类号:F061.3
基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目(17BJL080)
The Mechanism and Path of Total Factor Productivity Improvement from the Perspective of Supply-side Structural Reform
MA Xiuzhen
(Research Department, Party Schoolof Qingdao Municipal Committee of CPC,Qingdao, Shandong 266071, China)
Abstract:
Enhancing total factor productivity is the goal of supply-side structural reform. From the perspective of factor classification, new elements, innovative elements and institutional elements are the most important factors affecting the improvement of total factor productivity. To enhance total factor productivity from the perspective of supply-side structural reform, it is necessary to reduce the dependence on general productive factors and increase the contribution rate of new factors, systems, reforms and innovations. We should not only solve the problems left over from the past through stock adjustment, but also make efforts to promote scientific and technological innovation, institutional change and improvement of management level, mainly relying on stock adjustment, incremental support, factor upgrading, institutional change and scientific and technological innovation.
Key words:  supply-side structural reform  total factor productivity  law of diminishing marginal returns  path