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抗战歌曲中的“子弟兵”形象——以歌词为中心的考察
刘意
(南方医科大学 马克思主义学院,广东 广州 510515)
摘要:
以“子弟兵”为主题的抗战歌曲,塑造了中国共产党领导的武装力量抗击日寇、保家卫国、亲民爱民的先进形象。红军军歌唱响革命旋律、边区子弟兵群体的出现及其战绩、子弟兵军歌的产生,是抗战歌曲中“子弟兵”形象的形成基础。抗战歌曲中有关“子弟兵”形象的主要内容有:子弟兵的英勇抗战、参加子弟兵无上光荣、子弟兵优秀的精神特质。中国共产党对抗战歌曲中“子弟兵”形象的政治引导表现在:一方面,界定“子弟兵”内涵并赋予其政治意义,规制着抗战歌曲中“子弟兵”形象的发展;另一方面,以解决军民矛盾问题为导向,引领抗战歌曲中“子弟兵”形象的新发展。
关键词:  抗战歌曲  子弟兵  歌词  政治引导
DOI:10.13216/j.cnki.upcjess.2019.05.0009
分类号:K265;J642
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目“《晋察冀日报》与‘子弟兵’话语体系建构研究”(19YJC710047)
The Image of "People 's Soldiers" in Anti-Japanese War Songs: Taking the Lyrics as the Center of Investigation
LIU Yi
(Academy of Marxism, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510515,China)
Abstract:
Anti-Japanese War songs with the theme of "people 's soldiers" portray the advanced image of the armed forces led by the Communist Party of China who guard our country and our homes against the Japanese aggressors. The formation of the image of "people 's soldiers" in the Anti-Japanese War songs is based on the red army military songs singing the revolutionary melody, the emergence of the military groups in the border areas and their achievements. The main contents of the image of "people 's soldiers" in the songs of the Anti-Japanese War are:the heroic resistance of "people 's soldiers" against Japanese, the glory of participating in "people 's soldiers", and the advanced spiritual characteristics of "people 's soldiers". The political guidance of the "people 's soldiers" in the Anti-Japanese War songs by the Communist Party of China shows two aspects:on the one hand, it defines the connotation and political significance of the "people 's soldiers" and regulates the development of "people 's soldiers" in the Anti-Japanese War songs; on the other hand, to resolve the contradictions between the army and the people, it guides the new development of the "people 's soldiers" in the Anti-Japanese War songs.
Key words:  Anti-Japanese War songs  "people 's soldiers"  lyrics  political guidance