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隐性叙事视域下《傲慢与偏见》中的阶级观建构研究
江润洁,陈欣怡
(中国石油大学(华东) 文学院,山东 青岛 266580)
摘要:
申丹教授在她的隐性叙事理论研究中提出:在许多叙事作品中,情节发展背后实际上存在一个隐性进程。隐性叙事进程作为情节发展背后的暗流,旨在表达与显性情节互补或相反的主题。这些主题互相制衡,相辅相成,从而使文学作品更具戏剧性,创造出不同以往的审美价值。以隐性叙事理论为指导,重新分析研究《傲慢与偏见》这部经典文学作品,发现小说表层情节叙事背后还存在着另外一股叙事暗流,即女主人公伊丽莎白对上层阶级的态度并非静态不变的,而是随情节发展处于动态变化之中,从小说开端的淡然和戏谑,发展到小说中部的期待与认同,再至后半部与结尾对上层贵族阶级的融入和同化,这也体现了作者本人阶级观的动态变化和两面性。
关键词:  隐性进程  《傲慢与偏见》  动态阶级观  重评
DOI:10.13216/j.cnki.upcjess.2019.05.0014
分类号:I106.4
基金项目:
Class Construction in Pride and Prejudice from the Perspective of Covert Progression
JIANG Runjie, CHEN Xinyi
(College of Arts, China University of Petroleum(East China), Qingdao, Shandong 266580, China)
Abstract:
Under the guidance of Covert Progression Theory proposed by Shen Dan, the present study finds that there is a narrative undercurrent behind the narrative plot in the classic novel of Pride and Prejudice. The protagonist Elizabeth 's attitude towards the upper class is not static, but changes with the progression of the plot from the irony and indifference in the very beginning to the expectation and recognition in the middle, and finally to the compliance and assimilation in the end. It also shows the dynamic nature and dual character of the author 's class viewpoint.
Key words:  covert progression  Pride and Prejudice  dynamic class viewpoint  reappraisal